Here you can find a map of the consulates available and which one corresponds to where you live. If you are required to get a visa prior to moving to Spain, you will have to do so via your local consulate.
Climate in Spain
Spain is known for its sun and beaches, but in reality has a quite varied climate. In general summers are hot and winters are temperate. Depending on the location, snow can be common and Spain and Andorra have many ski resorts for those who are winter sports aficionados. Some areas can even provide beaches and skiing within a day's drive of each other.
In your interview, we will discuss particulars about weather and climate and what works for you but as a general rule, the further north you go in Spain, the more rain they receive.
You can also take a quick look at this climate map. Note that the Canary Islands are excluded and are generally considered to have weather resembling paradise.